avril 15, 2024
Kinyarwanda

Menya amabanga ya farawo ukomeye muri Egiputa ya kera !

Abacukuzi b’intwari batinyutse vuba aha bavumbuye ibintu bidasanzwe, bidufasha kumva neza ubuzima n’ingoma y’uyu mutegetsi udasanzwe.

Tekereza gusubira inyuma ugasanga uri mu mutima wa Egiputa ya kera, aho farawo yategekaga icyubahiro. Byose byatangiranye nubutwari bwubucukuzi bwubucukuzi, buyobowe nabashakashatsi bashishikaye. Bashakishije umusenyi wo mu butayu, basuzuma insengero zibagiwe kandi basobanura hieroglyphs y’amayobera kugira ngo bamenye inkuru ishimishije ya farawo ukomeye wa Misiri.

Ubuvumbuzi bwa mbere bwerekana ibyerekeye imva ya farawo, ihishe imyaka ibihumbi. Abacukuzi b’ivya kera bavumbuye necropolis ishimishije, irimbishijwe cyane n’amafoto agaragaza ubuzima bwa buri munsi bwa nyagasani. Ibicapo byamabara menshi bidusubiza inyuma mugihe, byerekana imihango y’idini, iminsi mikuru ihebuje nibihe bya hafi byubuzima bwa farawo.

Ikindi kintu kidasanzwe cyerekeranye no gukusanya amabuye y’agaciro yanditse mu mva ya cyami. Imikufi irabagirana, imikufi ikozwe neza hamwe n’impeta yera byavumbuwe, bihamya ko farawo yatunganijwe kandi uburyohe buhebuje mu gushariza. Ubu butunzi bw’agaciro buduha incamake y’ubutunzi n’ubwiza byakikije ubuzima bwa cyami muri Egiputa ya kera.

Ariko ibivumbuwe ntibigarukira aho. Abacukuzi b’ivya kera na bo bavumbuye inyandiko za kera, papyri zivuga ku bikorwa bya gisirikare bya farawo n’ubufatanye bufatika yagiranye n’ubundi bwami. Iyi migani y’ibyamamare igaragaza umuyobozi ufite icyerekezo, umudipolomate w’umuhanga akaba n’umuyobozi wa gisirikare ukomeye, bifasha gushimangira ingoma ye n’ubukuru bwa Misiri ya kera.

Ivumburwa ry’icyumba cy’ibanga mu mva ya farawo

Kimwe mu bintu bitangaje cyane ni ukuvumbura icyumba cyibanga mu mva ya farawo. Abahanga, bakoresheje ikoranabuhanga rigezweho, bavumbuye umwobo wihishe inyuma y’urukuta. Iki cyumba kimaze gukingurwa, kigaragaza ibihangano bidasanzwe, ibihangano bitanga ibimenyetso ku myizerere y’idini ya farawo, ndetse n’ibyiringiro bye ku buzima bwa nyuma.

Ubu buvumbuzi ntabwo buzana ibyahise mubuzima gusa, ahubwo binatera ibibazo bishya bishimishije. Ninde mubyukuri uyu farawo udasanzwe? Ni izihe ngorane yagombaga gutsinda kugira ngo yubake ingoma nziza? Ni izihe nzozi zimbitse kandi yifuza?

Ibi bivumbuwe vuba aha bidufasha kumva neza amateka ashimishije yiyi mico ya kera no kwishimira umurage udasanzwe wuwari uyoboye abantu bose mumyaka yose.

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